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Moti Lalwani and Richa Lakhanpal.

Gulzar on S. D. Burman (Part I) - ‘Mora gora and lai le’

Gulzar describes how he met Bimal Roy who explained the situation to him. Sachin-da used to visit Bimal Roy’s office to discuss the tune. Pancham used to accompany his father bringing along his ‘dagga’ (left side of percussion instrument tabla, also known as baya) for rhythm. Sachin-da asked Gulzar to write according to the tune, asking him not to sing it to Bimal Roy. Gulzar did not know how to sing, and won’t be able to bring out the emotions in the song. The song became a superhit, and remains so till date.

Sachin Dev Burman and his Aradhana (Part II)

Late Kersi Lord, a musical genius with over 5,000 songs behind him in which he had taken part in different capacities, loved to narrate to us an anecdote, that there was a book published from Pune on music. It had mistakes in it. Kersi, “I can vouch for it, that there were glaring mistakes. Other books, articles, etc. followed, giving reference of that book. All of them copying the same mistakes which were in that one book”. Human beings are not supposed to be like sheep, who simply follow the earlier sheep over the cliff! Or, are they? The same thing had happened to the music of Aradhana released in 1969. None of the arrangers, sitting members, solo musicians, lyrics writer, sound recordist, or anyone even remotely connected with Aradhana’s music said anything contrary to what is depicted in the movie-titles. As they say, the truth prevails in the end. Enjoy the video Sachin Dev Burman and his Aradhana (Part II). Part I was posted earlier. Part III is in the process.

Sachin Dev Burman and his Aradhana (Part I)

YouTube has each song uploaded multiple times. The statistics below are of the Aradhana songs uploaded only by M/s Rajshri, the copyright owners of Aradhana Songs. The data below is of ten years, i.e. from 2008 to 2018: ‘Mere sapno ki rani’ by Kishore: Viewed 64,484,590 times. ‘Chanda hai tu’ by Lata: Viewed 25,411,879 times. ‘Kora kagaz tha’ by Kishore: Viewed 24,392,101 times ‘Roop tera mastana’ by Kishore: Viewed 15,700,965 times ‘Safal hogi teri’ by SD Burman: Viewed 973,516 times ‘Gun guna rahe hain’ by Rafi: Viewed 7,246,771 ‘Bagon mein bahar hai’ by Rafi: Viewed 3,082,132 Shakti Samanta on music of Aradhana: “Subject and Bengali story. Sachin Karta had done super job in both Dev Anand films Guide (1965) and Jewel Thief (1967) and I really wanted to go back to him. Also, Nayyar was never a choice for a Bengali subject, neither was Shankar-Jaikishan.” “In Aradhana (1969), Sachin Karta gave me my life’s biggest hits. From the record sale of Aradhana, I made so much money that I produced next five films only from the music sale of Aradhana. Of course, the film was a huge hit also. You know, the record was dubbed and released in 5 languages, and was a hit in every language.” (Shakti Samanta in an interview with researcher Mr Peeyush Sharma) Javed Akhtar in one of the episodes of The Golden Years - 1950-1975: “There is something known as successful music. Then there is hit music. Then there is super-hit music and finally there is Aradhana’s music which is even higher than super-hit music… This film was a phenomenon in itself. This is the film which gave Rajesh Khanna his place in the sun actually.” (Shared by Deepa Buty in Sachin Karta Group)

The Golden Voice of Sachin Dev Burman (Part II)

Note: For our research, fair use of outside material has been done and credit given where known. In case of any missing reference, the needful will be done no sooner it is brought to our notice. Sachin Dev Burman in his autobiography, “I was born to the Tripura Royal family, in the era of luxury and affluence. I have seen bountiful of wealth, comfort, style and etiquette in our family. According to the Royal protocol, from early childhood, we were taught by elders to be conscious about maintaining sufficient distance from the so-called ‘common people’. Our elders used to keep a strong vigil on us so that we don’t mix with those, whom they thought to be ‘commoners’. I never could abide by their order. I do not know why, since the beginning of coming to senses, I felt attracted to the soil and liked to be in the lap of the nature. I felt very close to the people, whom our elders used to call ‘commoners’. Anyway, since my childhood, never bending to be ‘A Distinguished’, I became one of the commoners by mixing amongst them to the last drop. The Royal Family-members did not like this habit. But my father did not have any such Pride or Prejudice, though he was a Prince and Minister of the Tripura Raj, the only heir of late Maharaja Ishanchandra Manikya Bahadur.”

Aslam on S D Burman - 'Matlab jo samjhe' Barood 1976

Ace Composer S.D. Burman often added subtle nuances to the song which enhanced the mood of the song. Just like he added 'Ahh' to 'Chod do aanchal, zamana kya kahega' from Paying Guest (1957). In ‘Matlab jo samjhe’, Burman Dada asked his writer Anand Bakshi to add a deep breathing sound before the song begins, which turned out to be very pleasant to the ears.

The Golden Voice of Sachin Dev Burman (Part I Rev) HD

Note: For our research, fair use of material has been done, and credit given where possible. In case of any missing reference, the needful will be done no sooner it is brought to our notice. About Sachin-da’s golden voice: Sachin Dev Burman had learned folk music so much that it flowed through his veins. There was not a village left in the part of East Bengal where he was born, that he roamed around in pursuit of folk music. He attended Allahabad Music Conference in 1934 earning fame by singing Bengali songs and thumris in his own style. After the conference was over, he roamed around in villages of Bihar and United Provinces, collecting folk music of those places. He wrote in his autobiography, “One, who has felt the green of the open fields, whom mother nature has hidden in her lap in the shades of the large old trees, who has spent nights for reasons unknown in villages where humble kerosene lamps emit little light, watched the sky and loved it, who lost himself talking with village folks sitting on the earthen floor, how can the palace and its atmosphere restrict him?” From 1930 to 1936, he created fusion music, mixing classical with folk thus creating his own ‘Burman Gharana’ style. In a number of film songs too he used folk tunes. It can be said that, but for Sachin Dev Burman, classical tunes would have languished and may have been lost forever. In the process, his voice matured and he could singer better than many classical singers. It is also an accepted fact, that if Burman da sang a song in films, it was bound to be a super-hit, because of his voice and singing style.

Sanjeev Kohli on Sachin Dev Burman Part II - HD

In this part, Sanjeev Kohli, Madan Mohan’s son, tells us how Burman Dada drove all the way one early morning from his ‘The Jet’ bungalow in Khar, Bombay (now Mumbai) to Madan Mohan’s flat in Peddar Road, to congratulate Madan ji on his music in film Heer Ranjha released in 1970. This anecdote has also been narrated by Pandit Shiv Kumar Sharma in a video on YouTube, where Shiv ji had said inadvertently film Mausam released in 1975, while it was Heer Ranjha. That video can be seen on:

Sanjeev Kohli on Sachin Dev Burman (Part I) HD

Madan Mohan had worked as an assistant to Burman Dada in two films, 'Do Bhai' (1947) and in Munimji (1955). Here, His son Sanjeev Kohli narrates how Lata and Rafi, who had not sung for a period of four years, came together once again in 1967 to record their first song ‘Dil pukaare, aa re aa re’, composed by Burman Dada for Jewel Thief. The event was held in Shanamukhananda Hall, attended by the legends of the film industry and other dignitaries. The show held was only for invitees. The song clip, and the photos here are meant only for research purpose, and no copyright infringement is meant. We will give due credit, if it is brought to our notice. Some of the photos were handed over by Sanjeev ji himself, and we are grateful to him for having given us time. ………………………………… (Mail received from Sanjeev ji before the interview) "We sincerely believe that Burmanda is one of the most respected personalities of our country, FOREVER!.. always held in very high esteem by Madanji , and obviously by Madanji's family. We would do anything to show our respect to someone we have always loved.. and spent some memorable times with when we were children. Even though we are Madan Mohanji's family, we have equal respect for all his contemporaries, and of course Burmanda has pride of place among them." Sanjeev Kohli

Lyricist Gopaldas Neeraj on Sachin Dev Burman (Part II) HD

Note: The photos and video clips have been used for research purpose with due credit where we could locate them. Any missing credit, shall be acknowledged as soon as it comes to our notice. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… When we had met Neeraj ji, we introduced ourselves as S.D. Burman’s fans. Neeraj ji replied, “I too am S.D. Burman Sahib’s fan”. This is what Neeraj ji told us during the interview, some of it before we recorded him: Before composing music, S.D. Burman would try to understand the story, and create tune according to the situation. To get to the core of the scene, sometimes Burman Dada would even enact the role of the actor on whom the song was to be picturised. There has never been, and never will be, another music director like Dada. Dada had this quality, a great quality, that he would completely be immersed in his music, all of the twenty-four hours. Not interested in his own publicity or in any gossip, he would not go anywhere to promote himself. All day long, one would find him at home. During the afternoons he would be awake, and in the evenings too, always involved in his music creating tunes, creating immortal melodies! Dada’s specialty was, that he would not bother to stick to the tune of a mukhda or antara. After the mukhda, he would bring a change in the antara’s tune. And, in the same antara too, there will be a change. I asked Dada, why does he do that? He replied, “Else it becomes monotonous. If you keep one tune of both mukhda and antara, one tune only for all, it becomes monotonous. This style, this was S. D. Burman’s signature style. There is a difference in the tune of the Mukhda and the antara. In each antara itself he changes the tune. He gives the variation in the tune of the same antara. Otherwise it would become monotonous! Giving a few examples, Neeraj ji sings along. (Loosely translated from Hindi in which Neeraj ji spoke.)

Lyricist Gopaldas Neeraj on Sachin Dev Burman (Part I) HD

Professor Gopaldas Neeraj had a great desire to write lyrics for composer S. D. Burman Dada. When Prem Pujari was announced, Dev arranged his meeting with Dada, who explained the situation to Neeraj, giving him the most difficult tune to write on. Dada told Dev Anand that if Neeraj couldn’t write on that tune, he won’t be engaged to write lyrics. Neeraj came back and wrote: Rangeela re, tere rang mein, yun ranga hai, mera mann Chaliya re, na bujhe hai, kisi jal se, yeh jalan Both, Dada and Dev Anand, loved the lyrics, and Neeraj wrote all the songs of Prem Pujari, rest is history. Neeraj also wrote for four more movies with music by Burman Dada. All the songs became super-hit. Neeraj in the interview says that Dada loved to experiment, which others would not dare. Enjoy the interview. Note: The song clips used in this interview are only for research purpose. Due credit has been given to the owners of copyright, wherever we could find it on the Net. Only for one song, ‘Dil aaj shayar hai, gham aaj nagma hai’ remains to be credited, which will be done as soon as it is known.

Music Arranger Manohari Singh on S.D. Burman (Part III)

Other Inputs by Manohari Singh and His Family Members: Manohari Singh had visited the office of M/s Hindustan Recording Company sometime in 1945-1946 for work, and found two photographs hanging there, one of K. L. Saigal and the other of a gentleman wearing a turban (saafa), and looking regal. He asked them as to who was the turbaned gentleman in the photograph, and was told that it was Kumar Sachin Deb Burman. Being from the Royal family of Tripura, he was wearing a turban. On Meera Devi Burman: Manohari Singh’s daughter Mithu had this to say about Meera Devi Burman: ‘We (she and some of her siblings, in all there were five sisters and two brothers), studied in boarding schools and stayed in hostels. Whenever we came to visit our parents in Bombay for our holidays, Mrs Burman would insist that we go over to her large house and enjoy ourselves. She would regularly send over her car with driver to fetch us so that we had no excuse whatsoever. We would all go over to spend the day’. Mrs Manohari Singh, who used to accompany the kids, agreed with this statement. SDB's height: On being asked, Manohari Singh said that Dada was very tall, and, his height would be about 6 feet. * * * * *

Music Arranger Manohari Singh on S D Burman Part II

Manohari Singh started working for S.D. Burman in 1958. As per him, Burman Dada was hospitalized first time due to eye operation (1964), when he also had a minor heart attack. After that, Burman Dada had no major problem till 1975 when he had a major heart attack following a paralytic stroke in 1974. Manohari ji talks about Aradhana (1969), for which Burman Dada had composed music. Monohari ji had done the entire arrangement for all the songs of Aradhana. As per him, Kishore Kumar had suggested some changes, putting stress on some words in the song ‘Roop tera mastana’, improving it. Burman Dada approved the changes and appreciated Kishore’s suggestions. Manohari ji tells us that when Dada expired (October 31, 1975), his ‘Mili’ film had been released, and the songs were playing on the neighborhood radio. Those gathered to pay their last respects commented, ‘He is no more, his body is lying in repose, and his new film has been released. Till end he composed great music’. It is recommended that viewers also see Kersi Lord’s interview in conjunction with this video: 'Roop tera mastana' from Aradhana (1969) - Kersi Lord's Interview

Vocalist Tulika Ghosh on S D Burman (Part III) HD

He was tall, fair and slim. What a personality! He would wear white dhoti and a kurta. Once in while he will also be in a lungi. He never indulged in gossip, or talking about others. He would just… if any topic arose… You know any ‘ninda ya par ninda, ya uske baare mein koi ninda kare’ (talking ill about someone, or if he is told someone was talking ill about him), he would just change the topic and change the subject. He was not interested.

Music Arranger Manohari Singh on S.D. Burman (Part I)

Manohari Singh: He (S.D. Burman) always maintained a style of his own. He always gave good music and his songs used to be like nature, like 'matti smell', like earth smell. His music used to be like that. Folk tunes, Bhatiali, all this sort of ...east Bengal Bhatiali and east Bengal folk tunes also, all natural tunes of our nature, not ready made composed but natural songs. From that kind of tunes he used to develop and make songs.

Vocalist Tulika Ghosh on S. D. Burman (Part II) HD

Tulika ji, “Nobody can replicate Sachin da's voice. Nobody can ever copy that (voice). Breaking of the voice for folk music, or even thumris, it is a very difficult thing because it has to be natural. The slight crack of that voice, which is so very beautiful as far as folk is concerned. This kind of breaking of voice, I think only Begum Akhtar and Barkat Ali Khan sahib, that is Bade Gulam Ali Khan sahib’s younger brother, who had this typical, beautiful way of breaking voice.” Tulika ji also tells how Sachin da sang ‘Allah megh de pani de’ for hours on end, creating variations in the song, holding attention of all the topnotch musicians who had collected for the musical conference. ...................................... About Tulika Ghosh With a sound foothold in traditional knowledge of Raagdari and compositions, Tulika's involved vocal recitals leave an indelible impression because of the energy that emanates from her consistent search for true and living expression. Tulika has performed in various parts of India. She has also appeared in U.S.A., France, U.K., Germany, Bangladesh and Japan. Her vocal recitals are frequently broadcast on Radio & Television